The Global Sodium Hydroxide Market was valued at USD 42.74 Billion in 2022 and is projected to reach USD 61.03 Billion by 2030, registering a CAGR of 4.50% for the forecast period 2023-2030.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as NaOH, is a metallic alkali that is white in membrane cell and has a high causticity. It is an inorganic substance that goes by the name’s lye and caustic soda. The market is driving due to many factors like, it comes in pellets, flakes, solution, and granule form. The compound is primarily used in drinking water, textiles, pulp and paper, detergents, soaps, and drain cleaners. The pharmaceutical, paper and pulp, textile, and food industries are the main ones propelling the global market for sodium hydroxide. Sodium hydroxide is used in the pharmaceutical industry to make a wide range of medications, from aspirin, a primary pain reliever, to cholesterol-lowering and anticoagulants, which help prevent blood clots. The need for these medications has skyrocketed since the Covid-19 pandemic because blood clots have been linked to numerous deaths, even in cases where the patient has recovered from the illness. Since caustic soda is also utilized in the metal processing, water treatment, and soap and detergent industries, these sectors are anticipated to fuel sodium hydroxide demand in the upcoming years.
- 2022: USD 42.74 Billion
- 2030: USD 61.03 Billion
- CAGR (2023-2030): 4.50%
Sodium Hydroxide Market Dynamics
Expanding the Use of the Compound in Industrial Settings : The increasing production capacity of caustic soda producers and vendors is an emerging trend, as they are investing in this expansion to meet the growing demand from end-user industries. Moreover, throughout the projection period, there will be a greater overall need for caustic soda due to the alumina and organics industries' high demand. It is projected that this development will positively affect market growth overall. The market for caustic soda will be driven by the ongoing need for alumina, paper, and textiles brought on by population growth, expansion in the automotive and construction sectors, and an improving economic environment. Caustic soda is predicted to see growth in the water purification and waste management industries due to the general increase in awareness of water conservation, waste management, and the general fear of running out of potable water. One essential component used in the chemical industry is sodium hydroxide. It is utilized in the manufacturing of numerous organic and inorganic compounds as well as detergents, soaps, textiles, dyes, medications, and pesticides. The chemical industry is becoming more and more dependent on sodium hydroxide as a vital raw material as it grows to meet the demands of consumers and industry. In water treatment facilities, sodium hydroxide is frequently used to neutralize acidity and adjust pH levels. It aids in the elimination of heavy metals from water sources, including cadmium and lead. The need for sodium hydroxide is rising along with the importance of water treatment in ensuring clean and safe drinking water, overall due to this factor, fueling the growth of sodium hydroxide market.
For instance, in August 2023, according to TIMURAYA, Natrium hydroxide, also known as caustic soda, sodium hydroxide, and lye, is a corrosive white crystalline solid and is generally used to neutralize acids, which are strong bases and the most common for various processes in various industries.
Growing adoption of PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) products : PVC is a thermoplastic polymer that finds widespread application in the global polymer industry. Among other industries, it finds application in the building, packaging, automotive, consumer goods, electrical and electronics, and textile sectors. PVC is currently taking the place of a wide variety of traditional products in a number of applications. PVC pipes and fittings are used in construction in place of more traditional materials like steel, copper, and iron. PVC products are replacing wood, stone, concrete, marble, ceramic tiles, and other materials in flooring applications. Automotive applications for PVC include hoses, interior trim, and electrical insulation. The demand for PVC components, which are also utilized in numerous medical applications like blood bags, catheters, and tubing, rises in tandem with the growth of the automotive industry. The need for PVC medical devices, which are also utilized in a range of consumer goods like toys, furniture, and clothes, rises in tandem with the demand for medical products. The demand for PVC consumer goods rises in tandem with consumer spending. With rising disposable incomes and increasing urbanization, emerging markets are seeing a sharp increase in the demand for PVC products. In these areas, this is leading to a considerable demand for sodium hydroxide, thus this factor fueling the growth of market.
For instance, in January 2021, according to Shin-Etsu Chemical Co. Ltd., Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd. is going to further bolster the production capacity of Shintech Inc., its subsidiary in the U.S, the production capacity will be increased by 580,000 tons of VCM per year, 380,000 tons of PVC and 390,000 tons of caustic soda per year. Shintech’s production capacity will reach 3.62 million tons of PVC per year, 2.95 million tons of VCM and 1.95 million tons of caustic soda per year at the time of completion. The amount of the investment is expected to be $1.25 billion. The completion of the construction is slated by the end of 2023. Shintech will start up the addition, assessing the supply and demand of PVC and caustic soda worldwide.
- March 2023
Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Limited (GACL) has expanded the caustic soda lye plant from 785 MTPD of its Dahej complex. As a part of the caustic soda expansion, a new 700 MTPD Caustic Evaporation Unit (CEU) was also commissioned to cater to the requirement of Caustic Soda Lye production (48% wlw).
- June 2023
AGC, a world-leading manufacturer of glass, chemicals, and high-tech materials, has announced that it will begin selling a new FORBLUETM FLEMIONTM ion exchange membrane, manufactured and sold for use in salt electrolysis plants, in June 2023. The newly launched FORBLUETM FLEMIONTM F-9060 is capable to lower electrolysis voltage by approximately 40 mV*1 at salt electrolysis plants that produce caustic soda, etc., thereby reducing power consumption and contributing to reduce electricity costs and GHG emissions.
Negative impact on human health and environment is a significant restraint for market: Because sodium hydroxide is prone to wet deposition and reacts easily with other chemicals, it could be extremely dangerous if exposed to the atmosphere. It reacts easily with atmospheric water vapor to form extremely caustic aerosol or mist. Because concentrated aerosol compounds (silica, asbestos, and so forth) can seriously irritate upper respiratory tracts, they can lead to a variety of diseases, including black lung and silicosis, when inhaled. Because sodium hydroxide contains a hydroxide anion, it is an extremely potent base. If this was disposed of in water, it would be regarded as contaminated. The main effect of sodium hydroxide would be an increase in pH in the water. The production of carbonic acid, which releases more hydrogen ions and increases the acidity of the ocean, occurs when the ocean becomes too basic. As the ocean's acidity rises, marine life such as clams, mussels, and other organisms will produce weaker shells and eventually perish. Additionally, Sodium hydroxide, or NaOH, is a highly corrosive and alkaline chemical that, if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin, can result in serious health issues such as burns to the skin, damage to the eyes, respiratory issues, and even death. This may result in higher medical expenses, decreased productivity, and legal action against businesses that manufacture or utilize sodium hydroxide.
For instance, in July 2022, according to Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) has no smell. It is made of solid white crystals that absorb water from the air. Sodium hydroxide is caustic. Sodium hydroxide can harm workers who come in contact with it. The level of harm depends upon the amount, duration, and activity. It can burn the eyes, skin, and inner membranes, and cause temporary hair loss.
Caustic soda's extremely corrosive nature and adherence to safety regulations : Sodium solids are very caustic. It reacts with fats and greases, potentially causing permanent harm to any area of the body that comes into contact with it (like the skin or eyes). Solutions of sodium hydroxide in water can be corrosive, irritating, or non-irritating depending on the concentration. They also have direct local effects where they come into contact with the body. Sodium hydroxide corrodes very easily. When NaOH dissolves, it has the potential to react with atmospheric moisture and produce heat. If this heat source is close to combustible objects, it may be sufficient to start a fire. On the other hand, caustic soda is corrosive, specific tools are required, like corrosion-resistant pipes, pumps, and containers. Businesses handling caustic soda incur higher initial capital expenditure and ongoing maintenance costs due to this specialized infrastructure. Workers handling caustic soda must receive specific training and certification to guarantee safe handling practices are followed. This raises a company's total labor expenses.
Economic development in developing countries : The need for plastics, aluminum, and other materials used for various applications in these industries is rising due to increased demand from the packaging, consumer goods, building and construction, and automotive industries in these countries. Over the next five years, it is anticipated that the growing industrialization of emerging economies like China, India, South Korea, Indonesia, Thailand, Taiwan, Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina will drive the sodium hydroxide market. Lately, the world market for chemicals has been expanding fairly quickly. Similar robust growth is anticipated during the forecast period. Positive developments in the global chemicals market offer the company, which produces and distributes a range of chemicals to clients across the globe, expansion prospects in the sodium hydroxide market. The developed chemical industries in the US and Europe are primarily driven by increases in GDP. Due to the region's growing population, rising living standards, and accessible labor pools in South America, the Middle East, and Africa as well as Asia Pacific, businesses have been forced to locate their operations there in order to meet the growing demand.
|Market Size in 2022
|USD 42.74 Billion
|Market Forecast in 2030
|USD 61.03 Billion
|Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
|Revenue (USD Million) and Volume (Kilo Tons)
|By Grade, By Application, By Production Process & By Region
|By Production Process
|2018 - 2022
|2023 - 2030
Segment Analysis of the Sodium Hydroxide Market
The Sodium Hydroxide Market is segmented by grade, application, Production Process and region.
The 50% aqueous solution segment held the largest market share in 2022 : By Grade is sub segmented into solid, 50% aqueous solution, others. The 50% aqueous solution accounted for highest market share 51% in global Sodium Hydroxide market for 2022. A 50% sodium hydroxide aqueous solution is a chemical mixture made up of 50% water and 50% sodium hydroxide. Because of its versatility in controlling pH, neutralizing acidic substances, and facilitating a range of chemical reactions, it is widely used in a variety of industries. Because handling 50% aqueous solution is safer and more convenient than handling solid sodium hydroxide, there is a growing trend in the sodium hydroxide market toward this solution. This solution's ease of use and precise dosing capabilities are making it more and more popular in industries like water treatment, pulp and paper, and textiles. This trend reflects a move towards safer and more effective chemical handling procedures.
On the other hand, the solid segment has the significant market share over the forecast period, this is so because the most common and adaptable form of the chemical is solid sodium hydroxide. It can be used in many different applications, such as chemicals, paper and pulp, textiles, soaps and detergents, and easy to transport and store.
Compared to liquid sodium hydroxide, solid sodium hydroxide has more applications. This is due to its ease of dissolution in water, which yields a solution with the appropriate concentration. Furthermore, because it contains a larger concentration of the active ingredient than liquid sodium hydroxide, it is usually more affordable.
The biodiesel segment was the leading segment in 2022 : By application, which is divided into biodiesel, alumina, inorganic chemical, organic chemical, food, others. The biodiesel segment accounted for largest share 36.8% in global sodium hydroxide market for 2022. Sodium hydroxide, sometimes known as caustic soda, acts as a catalyst in the chemical process known as transesterification, which yields biodiesel—a sustainable substitute for conventional fossil fuels. The manufacturing of biodiesel has become a prominent application trend in the sodium hydroxide market. One noteworthy development in this industry is the rising demand for biodiesel around the world as a result of its reduced carbon footprint and adherence to strict emissions regulations. Globally, the biodiesel market is expanding due to governments' and industries' increasing emphasis on sustainability. This growth is driving up demand for sodium hydroxide, which is an essential catalyst in the production of this environmentally friendly fuel.
On the other hand, the alumina segment is anticipated to expand over the forecast period, The main use of sodium hydroxide is in the production of alumina, which is made from bauxite ore. There are notable growth trends in the alumina industry within the sodium hydroxide market. The production of alumina, which uses sodium hydroxide to refine bauxite, is rising in tandem with the world's increasing demand for aluminum. Technological developments that aim to improve efficiency, lessen environmental impact, and optimize the alumina extraction process also have an impact on the market. Furthermore, efforts to recycle sodium hydroxide, which is used in the refining of alumina, are motivated by sustainability concerns, which are in line with the industry's broader shift towards environmentally friendly practices.
By Production Process
The Membrane Cell segment was the leading segment in 2022 : By Production Process, which is divided into membrane cell, diaphragm cell, others. The membrane cell segment accounted for largest share in global sodium hydroxide market in 2022. An ion-exchange membrane is used in the sodium hydroxide industry's membrane cell production process to separate sodium hydroxide and chlorine gas during electrolysis. Comparing this method to the mercury cell process of the past yields several benefits, such as decreased environmental impact and increased energy efficiency. Membrane cell technology has seen a noticeable shift in recent trends because it is environmentally friendly and complies with strict environmental regulations. This shift in the sodium hydroxide production landscape is a reflection of the market's dedication to sustainable and energy-efficient manufacturing processes.
Diaphragm cell segment is anticipated to register rapid growth in forecast period, this crucial chemical compound is produced in the sodium hydroxide market using a process called a diaphragm cell. The anode and cathode compartments' physical diaphragm barrier are preserved while sodium hydroxide, chlorine gas, and hydrogen gas are produced. Technology is changing to meet green production standards, use less energy, and improve overall operational efficiency. This is in line with the industry's growing focus on resource optimization and sustainability.
Asia Pacific occupied the largest market share in 2022 : Asia Pacific has the largest revenue market share 40% in 2022, This is ascribed to the APAC region's rapid industrial development as well as developments in the healthcare industry. Additionally, the market is driven by the government's increasing spending on infrastructure, paper, pharmaceuticals, and many other industries that use NaOH in some capacity, as well as the growing demand for the base chemical for a variety of applications, including soap manufacturing and pH adjustment. As a result, a lot of important companies are concentrating on growing their geographic footprint by establishing new production sites, distribution hubs, and R&D facilities. Furthermore, a sizable pharmaceutical industry and the availability of multiple refineries will propel the market at a significant compound annual growth rate. Since China is the world's largest producer and consumer of caustic soda, it contributes the most revenue to the Asia-Pacific region. It is the center of the world's chemical processing industry, producing most of the chemicals produced worldwide. India's fast industrialization and abundance of aluminum manufacturers will propel the country to significant growth in the APAC region.
On the other hand, North America accounted for the significant share over the forecast period, Stricter environmental regulations have led to a growing emphasis on environmentally friendly processes and sustainable production methods, which is one important trend. As concerns over water quality and purification continue to rise, the market has also seen growth in applications related to water treatment. The growing manufacturing and chemical industries in the area also support the consistent demand for sodium hydroxide. These patterns demonstrate North America's dedication to industrial growth in the sodium hydroxide market as well as environmental responsibility.
List of the prominent players in the Sodium Hydroxide Market:
- Tata Chemicals Limited
- Olin Corporation
- Westlake Corporation
- Occidental Petroleum Corporation
- Dow, Solvay S.A
- BASF SE
- Xinjiang Zhongtai Chemical Co. Ltd
- Akzo Nobel N.V
- Brenntag North America
Segmentation Analysis of the Sodium Hydroxide Market
- 50% Aqueous Solution
- Inorganic Chemical
- Organic Chemical
- Diaphragm Cell
- Membrane Cell
- North America
- Asia Pacific
- Latin America
- Middle East and Africa
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Sodium Hydroxide Market:
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the sodium hydroxide market faced significant obstacles, but it showed resiliency and adaptability to overcome them. The outbreak first caused supply chain disruptions, which resulted in shortages of essential raw materials and delays in logistics. But, in order to maintain production, the market changed as the pandemic continued, introducing strict hygiene regulations, remote work, and safety precautions. Furthermore, the rise in the market for medications and sanitization supplies containing sodium hydroxide acted as a buffer against the fall in demand from other industries. The market's crucial function in water treatment, which remained a top priority throughout the crisis, helped to further propel its recovery. Furthermore, as economies gradually recovered, demand for sodium hydroxide in a variety of applications increased due to the recovery of sectors like chemicals, textiles, and construction. In order to adjust to shifting market conditions, businesses also investigated e-commerce channels and expedited digitalization.